Types of ticks

6 Main Types of Ticks. How to Remove a Tick from a Human?

Ticks are amazingly skillful arthropods in the terms of detecting a potential prey. They don’t need the lightest wings to fly or striking leapable legs to get on a host. Unbelievable, but they can trace the signs of carbon dioxide in the air left after breathing of a dog or a man. They are super patient and don’t need to eat often but when it’s their lucky meal time, they will not loosen their deathly grip at any cost and feed for hours and even as long as a few days depending on the species. The amount of their species is estimated in hundreds! Luckily, comparatively small number of them contact with mammals. But how to distinguish these parasites? The puzzle is an engorged female can enlarge in size considerably and, therefore, changes its look absolutely. Here comes the shield to save the desperate situation. The shield is a circular dark spot above the mouthpart. It doesn’t change with engorgement so the shield and the mouthparts are the key points of distinguishing different types.

Here are some common tick types:

1. Deer Tick type has much longer mouth part compared with Brown Dog type; it may carry Lyme disease, Babesiosis and Ehrlichiosis.

deer tick

2. Brown Dog type seldom attaches to humans. They don’t spread any known diseases.

brown dog tick

3. Lone Star type. They are aggressive and able to move long distances pursuing their preys. A female has a white dot or a star in the center of her back. The diseases transmitted are Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Tularemia, possibly Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.

lone star tick

4. American Dog type looks similar to Rocky Mountain Wood type or Gulf Coast one but possesses shorter mouthparts; transmits Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tuleremia and possibly Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis.

american dog tick

5. Rocky Mountain Wood type is a robust, husky arthropod with a rounded thick body. Transmits Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, Tularemia, Colorado Tick Fever and causes Tick Paralysis.

rocky mountain wood tick

6. Gulf Coast type has a similar look to American Dog type and Rocky Mountain Wood type but the mouthparts are longer.

gulf coast tick

How to Remove Ticks on a Human?

Sawyer tick plier is the best instrument for the removal but if you don’t have it at hand, use tweezers. You have to grab the parasite as close to your skin as possible because you need to pull it out altogether. Don’t twist or turn your removal instrument and try not to squeeze the parasite’s body. Pull your instrument straight up and make sure that the head doesn’t still remain under the skin. If it does, you need to toil over getting it out. Apply antiseptic on the area of the bite.

As you don’t know whether the arthropod bitten you could transmit diseases or not, it’s thoughtful to keep it in case a potential disease will develop with time and you will need to have the parasite tested to provide yourself with correct and timely treatment. You can’t simply put it in a match box. In a week or so it will simply dry out. So, put it in the dampen paper towel and after inside a plastic zip-lock bag. Keep the bag in the fridge.

Examine the area of the bite. It may look like a red spot or rash starting at the location of the bite. Bite look can vary depending on the type bitten you. Sometimes blisters, rash and swelling are developed.

Dogs suffer from these arthropods even more and oftener than humans. Treating a bite of a tick on dogs, first, rinse the area of the bite with antiseptic soap. After, a topical cream or antibiotic ointment prescribed by a vet is applied to the area.

To protect yourself remember that the best way of treating a problem is its prevention. You can avoid the possibility of being affected by tick borne diseases if you use a repellent with DEET, permethrin or picaridin when you go out for a lovely picnic in a wood or simply walk in high grass.

Types of ticks
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